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leather classification



The environments where the cattle are raised contribute to differences in the quality of the cowhide. Since in a more comfortable environment tamed cattle are usually well taken care of, this kind of cowhide is free from defects. Therefore, the quality and the price are relatively high, but they suitable for making full grain, pure aniline, or semi-aniline leather. The material is also used for making highest and middle-high quality leather sofas.

On the contrary, if tamed cattle are raised in a less comfortable environment, this kind of cowhide has a lower quality and price, and is only suitable for making corrected grain leather that is ranked normal.


Ranches value the quality of cowhide: tamed cattle must be well taken care of in a comfortable environment under protection, such as scratching, dermatoses, or insect bites should be avoided. Periodic cleaning is also needed by the ranches to ensure cattle are raised in a hygienic environment, and thus the quality and the price of this kind of cowhide are high. It’s suitable for making full grain, or pure aniline leather and the materials used to make highest quality leather sofas.
Ranches value the quality of meat: cattle reared on this kind of ranch need to exercise to keep healthy, and consequently have the cattle are likely to have a number of scratches. This kind of cowhide is cheap and mostly used to make low quality leather sofas.


Yellow cowhide is very soft and smooth to touch, supple and sturdy genuine skin, so the price of the rawhide is higher and also expensive after being processed into leather.

Buffalo hide is rough to touch, and the genuine skin has less leather ductility, which can easily cause scratches and cracks on the hide, so it is cheaper.